LGBTQ+ history

The LGBTQ+ history is a testament to the struggles, achievements, and contributions of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer community. Understanding this history is crucial for promoting inclusivity and equality. Throughout the decades, LGBTQ+ individuals have faced discrimination, marginalization, and persecution. However, they have also demonstrated resilience, courage, and a fierce determination to fight for their rights. By exploring the history of the LGBTQ+ rights movements, we can gain a deeper appreciation for the progress made and the work that still lies ahead. This journey sheds light on the power of activism, the importance of visibility, and the transformative impact of collective action.

Key Events

Discover the rich history of the LGBTQ+ rights movement through our interactive timeline! Click on each event to reveal its description and learn about the incredible individuals and movements that have shaped the community.

Why is it important to know these events? By understanding the challenges faced and progress made in the past, we gain valuable insights into overcoming current obstacles. It fosters empathy, builds solidarity, and empowers us to create a more inclusive and equal future.

Join us on this journey of discovery and let's celebrate the milestones and stories that inspire us to continue fighting for equality and acceptance. Click on the timeline and uncover the inspiring history of the LGBTQ+ rights movement today!

Stonewall Riots (1969)

The Stonewall Riots, which occurred in New York City's Greenwich Village, marked a turning point in the LGBTQ+ rights movement. The riots were sparked by a police raid at the Stonewall Inn, a popular gathering place for the LGBTQ+ community. Instead of succumbing to harassment and arrest, LGBTQ+ individuals fought back, igniting days of protests and demonstrations. The Stonewall Riots galvanized the community, leading to the formation of activist groups, such as the Gay Liberation Front and the Gay Activists Alliance, and fueling the modern LGBTQ+ rights movement.

First Pride Parade (1970)

The first Pride parade took place in New York City on June 28, 1970, to commemorate the one-year anniversary of the Stonewall Riots. What began as a march for LGBTQ+ rights has evolved into an annual global celebration of diversity, acceptance, and visibility. Pride parades, festivals, and events now take place worldwide, serving as a powerful platform for LGBTQ+ individuals and allies to express solidarity, demand equality, and celebrate their identities.

HIV/AIDS Crisis and Activism

In the 1980s and 1990s, the LGBTQ+ community faced the devastating impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. This crisis claimed countless lives and exposed the systemic neglect and stigmatization faced by LGBTQ+ individuals. In response, grassroots activism emerged, demanding government action, access to treatment, and an end to discrimination. Organizations like ACT UP (AIDS Coalition to Unleash Power) and the NAMES Project AIDS Memorial Quilt brought attention to the crisis, mobilizing the community and pushing for increased research, support, and advocacy.

Legalization of Same-Sex Marriage

The legalization of same-sex marriage has been a monumental achievement in the LGBTQ+ rights movement. In 2001, the Netherlands became the first country to legalize same-sex marriage, paving the way for subsequent countries to follow suit. Landmark legal cases, such as the United States' Obergefell v. Hodges ruling in 2015, recognized the fundamental right to marriage equality, extending legal protections and benefits to LGBTQ+ couples. This significant milestone has had a transformative impact on LGBTQ+ families, societal perceptions, and the broader fight for equal rights.

Transgender Rights Movement

The transgender rights movement has gained significant momentum in recent years, highlighting the unique challenges faced by transgender and gender-nonconforming individuals. Activists and organizations have fought for legal recognition, healthcare access, and protection against discrimination. Transgender visibility and advocacy have led to policy changes, including the lifting of transgender military bans in various countries and the implementation of legal protections for transgender individuals in education, employment, and public accommodations.

Key Figures:

Discover the remarkable individuals who have played vital roles in the LGBTQ+ rights movements. These trailblazers and advocates have left an indelible mark on history, driving positive change and inspiring future generations. Through their unwavering dedication and courageous actions, they have challenged societal norms, fought for equality, and championed the rights of LGBTQ+ individuals. Get to know these key figures who have shaped the course of history and continue to be beacons of hope and inspiration.

Marsha P. Johnson

Marsha P. Johnson was a transgender activist and a prominent figure in the Stonewall Riots of 1969. She co-founded the Street Transgender Action Revolutionaries (STAR) and advocated for the rights of transgender individuals.

Harvey Milk

Harvey Milk was the first openly gay elected official in California. As a member of the San Francisco Board of Supervisors, he fought for LGBTQ+ rights and became a symbol of hope and representation until his tragic assassination in 1978.

Sylvia Rivera

Sylvia Rivera was a transgender activist and a founding member of the Gay Liberation Front and STAR. She fought for the rights of transgender and gender-nonconforming individuals, particularly those within the LGBTQ+ community who faced homelessness and discrimination.

Audre Lorde

Audre Lorde was a poet, feminist, and civil rights activist who identified as a lesbian. Her writings explored the intersections of race, gender, sexuality, and class, making invaluable contributions to intersectional feminism and LGBTQ+ activism.


About the IGLTA Foundation

The IGLTA Foundation empowers LGBTQ+ welcoming tourism businesses globally through leadership, research and education. Founded in 2012, the foundation is the 501(c)3 public charity subsidiary of IGLTA and supports initiatives for industry organizations, leaders and communities to advance LGBTQ+ travel around the world.